Diesel or diesel fuel in general is any fuel used in diesel engines. The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum fuel oil, but alternatives that are not derived from petroleum, such as biodiesel, biomass to liquid (BTL) or gas to liquid (GTL) diesel, are increasingly being developed and adopted. To distinguish these types, petroleum-derived diesel is increasingly called petrodiesel. Ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) is a term used to describe a standard for defining diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur contents.
Petroleum diesel, or petrodiesel, is produced from petroleum and is a hydrocarbon mixture, obtained in the fractional distillation of crude oil between 200 °C and 350 °C at atmospheric pressure.
- For use in high-speed, compression-ignition diesel engines of all sizes and applications.
- Can be used as a heating fuel in atomising burners.
- Can be used as an environmentally friendly locomotive diesel fuel underground in mines.
Features and Benefits
- A high cetane number to minimise ignition delay and thus eliminate engine knock.
- Cleaner combustion due to its mainly paraffinic composition.
- Ease of starting and rapid warm-up of cold engines.
- Adequate lubrication of rotary and in-line diesel injector pumps.
- Seasonal adjustment of product properties to prevent blockage of in-line filters due to wax crystallisation under low temperature conditions.
|Property||Requirements: Standard Grade||Requirements: Low Sulfur Grade||Test Methods: ASTM||Test Methods: IP or ISO or EN|
|Distillation temperature for 90% (by volume) recovery, °C, max.||362||362||D 86b||IP 123|
|Flash point, °C, min.||55||55||D 93a||IP 34|
|Sulfur content, % (by mass) PPM , max.||0,05||0,005||D 2622/D 5453||IP 336|
|Cetane Number(a) °C , min.||45||45||D 613b||IP 41|
|Copper strip corrosion (3 h at 100 °C), classification, max.||1||1||D 130||IP 154|
|Cold filter plugging point (CFPP)(b), °C, max.||-4 or 3||-4 or 3||–||IP 309|
|Carbon residue on 10 % (by volume) distillation residue, % by mass), max.||0,2||0,2||D 524||IP 14|
|Ash content, % (by mass), max.||0,01||0,01||D 482||IP 4|
|Water content, % (by volume), max.||0,05||0,05||D 95/D 4377||IP 74/ISO 12937|
|Total contamination, mg/kg, max.||50||50||–||EN 12662|
|Lubricity, corrected wear scar diameter (wsd 1,4) at 60 °C, max.||–||460||–||ISO 12156-1|
|Viscosity at 40 °C, mm2/s||2,2 to 5,3||2,2 to 5,3||D 445||IP 71|
|Density at 20 °C, kg/L, min.||0,8000||0,8000||D 4052||IP 160/IP 365/ISO 3675|
|Oxidation stability, mg/100 mL, max.||2,0||2,0||D 2274a||IP 388|