Diesel or diesel fuel in general is any fuel used in diesel engines. The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum fuel oil, but alternatives that are not derived from petroleum, such as biodiesel, biomass to liquid (BTL) or gas to liquid (GTL) diesel, are increasingly being developed and adopted. To distinguish these types, petroleum-derived diesel is increasingly called petrodiesel. Ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) is a term used to describe a standard for defining diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur contents.

Petroleum diesel, or petrodiesel, is produced from petroleum and is a hydrocarbon mixture, obtained in the fractional distillation of crude oil between 200 °C and 350 °C at atmospheric pressure.


  • For use in high-speed, compression-ignition diesel engines of all sizes and applications.
  • Can be used as a heating fuel in atomising burners.
  • Can be used as an environmentally friendly locomotive diesel fuel underground in mines.

Features and Benefits

  • A high cetane number to minimise ignition delay and thus eliminate engine knock.
  • Cleaner combustion due to its mainly paraffinic composition.
  • Ease of starting and rapid warm-up of cold engines.
  • Adequate lubrication of rotary and in-line diesel injector pumps.
  • Seasonal adjustment of product properties to prevent blockage of in-line filters due to wax crystallisation under low temperature conditions.

Product Properties

Property Requirements: Standard Grade Requirements: Low Sulfur Grade Test Methods: ASTM Test Methods: IP or ISO or EN
Distillation temperature for 90% (by volume) recovery, °C, max. 362 362 D 86b IP 123
Flash point, °C, min. 55 55 D 93a IP 34
Sulfur content, % (by mass) PPM , max. 0,05 0,005 D 2622/D 5453 IP 336
Cetane Number(a) °C , min. 45 45 D 613b IP 41
Copper strip corrosion (3 h at 100 °C), classification, max. 1 1 D 130 IP 154
Cold filter plugging point (CFPP)(b), °C, max. -4 or 3 -4 or 3 IP 309
Carbon residue on 10 % (by volume) distillation residue, % by mass), max. 0,2 0,2 D 524 IP 14
Ash content, % (by mass), max. 0,01 0,01 D 482 IP 4
Water content, % (by volume), max. 0,05 0,05 D 95/D 4377 IP 74/ISO 12937
Total contamination, mg/kg, max. 50 50 EN 12662
Lubricity, corrected wear scar diameter (wsd 1,4) at 60 °C, max. 460 ISO 12156-1
Viscosity at 40 °C, mm2/s 2,2 to 5,3 2,2 to 5,3 D 445 IP 71
Density at 20 °C, kg/L, min. 0,8000 0,8000 D 4052 IP 160/IP 365/ISO 3675
Oxidation stability, mg/100 mL, max. 2,0 2,0 D 2274a IP 388